The opening and closing of mining operations has lasting impacts on the surrounding environment and communities which cannot be ignored. The importance of proper stakeholder engagement and the management of this aspect is crucial for mines but it might be worthwhile to note some of the impacts these communities face when mining operations open or close.
In this two-part post, we will look at six social issues communities face because of mining operations which need to be addressed by mining companies in their social impact assessments. See Part 1 of this article for the first 6 issues we discussed. Herewith the second set of social issues that needs to be considered.
Cultural and religious sensitivities
According to research conducted by mining giant Anglo American, the cultural and social norms of host communities are affected by the presence of a project, particularly in instances where there is a large-scale presence of foreign construction staff, as well as in-migration of job-seekers to
the area. At times this can lead to a lack of respect for local leadership (particularly in rural and traditional settings) and significant changes to the social and cultural norms of people’s identity.
xMMP (exploration, Mining & Minerals Processing) is a mining “ERP” solution that covers the Total Life of Mine (‘LOM’). Managing mineral rights (tenements) claims, exploration, drilling, EPCM for the development phase, actual mining, stockpiles, plant, shipping and dispatching all the way to mine rehabilitation.
Increased risk of prostitution and associated health issues
With a large number of miners working away from their families the rates for casual sexual relationships is increased. This also increases the rates for prostitution by poverty stricken women and teenagers looking to support themselves. These risky behaviours increase risk and incidence of transmission of communicable diseases such as HIV and other sexually transmitted infections.
Conflict between migrant workforce and local community
As more people flock to new mining communities and get jobs in these operations the risk for conflict between the migrant labour force and the local community goes up if not managed correctly. This occurs when the local community feels that the mining company has hired migrant labour for jobs that they are sufficiently skilled to perform.
Within the mining sector, Resolve Immix offers an exploration, Mining and Minerals Processing (xMMP) ERP software solutions that covers the total life-of-mine including a module that deals specifically with stakeholder management. Contact us for more information today.